Peppermint essential oil is one wonderful herb that acts very nicely when used in the right kind of way. The oil that is obtained from it , i.e , peppermint essential oil is reallly good at dealing with many diseases
The peppermint herb, which is really a fairly recent hybrid of the spearmint with the wild mint, is used both as herbal medicine and as a very popular flavoring in many commercial products. The plant is “young” and there was no plant called a peppermint until late in the seventeenth century as it was discovered only during that time.
However, since the first discovery of its remarkable properties at the time, the peppermint has been extensively cultivated in many different parts of the world. Full use is made of both the leaf and the volatile oil – which is obtained by the process of industrial steam distillation.
The leaves of the peppermint herb may have between 1 and 3 percent of this essential oil and the leaves are where most of the oil in the plant is to be found. The chemical composition of the oil results in a definite compositional breakdown, about half of the oil is menthol – it can range from 35 to 55 percent in the European peppermint oil; and 50 to 78 percent in American peppermint oil, some related compounds form the remainder of the volatile oil. At the same time, the compound menthone composes about 10 to 35 percent of the total volume of oil.
At least more than one hundred other chemical constituents are also present in small amounts in the oil; these include a variety of the compounds known as monoterpenes and the class of chemicals called sesquiterpenes. At the same time, the exact proportions of these different compounds differ depending on one variety of peppermint to another, this difference can also be noticed among similar varieties of plants albeit, those that have been grown in different locations.
Peppermint leaves are also known for their content of the plant pigment compounds called the flavonoids, including the compound called -
- The common plant pigment rutin
- And citrus pigments like the hesperidins
And many other compounds.
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